Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology <p><strong>Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology (ISSN 2318-1265)</strong> is an international peer-reviewed open-access journal devoted to publishing papers about Animal Biometeorology, Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare, published quarterly online by <strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-content="" data-type="external">Malque Publishing</a></strong>.</p> <p><strong>High Visibility:</strong> indexed by the Web of Science (ESCI), Scopus and SCImago Journal Rank, CAB international, Google Scholar, AGRIS, ASFA, Latindex, <a href="" target="_self">among others</a>. Currently is under evaluation for Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE, Web of Science).</p> <p><strong>Rapid Publication:</strong> manuscripts are peer-reviewed and a first decision provided to authors approximately 17-25 days after submission; acceptance to publication is undertaken in 3-5 days (median values for papers published in this journal in the first half of 2021).</p> <p><strong>Open Access</strong> free for readers, with Article Processing Charges (APC) paid by authors or their institutions. </p> <p><em><strong>Acceptance rate (first half 2021):</strong> </em><strong><em>32%</em> </strong></p> Malque Publishing en-US Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology 2318-1265 Nest building, dimension, and selection of aromatic and medicinal twigs to repel ectoparasites in the European Turtle dove <p>Studies incorporating the nesting behavior and ecology of parasite disease in the European turtle dove during breeding periods are rare. This research examined nest features and nesting materials in Turtle doves to characterize nest dimensions, build, and incorporate vegetation, mainly aromatic and medicinal plants. In parallel, we estimated the ectoparasite load on chicks to verify an eventual relation between odorant plants and pathogen loads. The study was carried in apple orchards at Okhaja Ait Ayach, Midelt province Morocco, during 2015 and 2016. The obtained results demonstrate that the Turtle dove constructs a medium nest, compared to its body size, using several plant species, including medicinal and aromatic species known for their toxicity against pathogens. The inhibition capacity of nesting materials is reflected in parasite loads since only 8% of chicks were infested with&nbsp;<em>Columbicola columbae&nbsp;</em>and&nbsp;<em>Dermanyssus gallinae</em>. Repellent materials in nests are a successful behavioral strategy for this declining game to protect nestlings against pathogens.</p> Ismail Mansouri Driss Ousaaid Wafae Squalli Ikram Douini Mohamed Mounir Abdelbari El Agy Amine Assouguem Hamid Achiban Lahsen El Ghadraoui Mohamed Dakki Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology 2021-07-03 2021-07-03 9 4 2133 2133 10.31893/jabb.21033 Brown Swiss cows are more heat resistant than Holstein cows under hot summer conditions of the continental climate of Ukraine <p>Finding livestock breeds that are resistant to high temperatures may be one of the strategies for mitigating the impact of global climate change on dairy farming. In this investigation, we studied the heat resistance of Holstein (HB) and Brown Swiss (BS) cows on two commercial dairy farms under the hot summer conditions of Ukraine. The physiological response of animals determined heat resistance by measuring rectal temperature (RT) and respiratory rate (RR) in the morning (from 4:00 to 6:00) in comfortable conditions and the afternoon (from 14:00 to 16:00), during heat load. The temperature-humidity index (THI) was used to characterize weather conditions and microclimate in naturally ventilated rooms (NVBs). BS cows were found to be heat resistant. The reaction of HB cows to the heat was manifested by higher growth of RT and RR, and they suffered significant losses in the daily milk yield per cow in the summer. Further research will need to elucidate the biological and genetic mechanisms of the identified breed differences in heat tolerance of dairy cows.</p> Roman Mylostyvyi Olena Lesnovskay Lina Karlova Olena Khmeleva Olena Кalinichenko Oksana Orishchuk Svitlana Tsap Natalia Begma Nikolay Cherniy Bogdan Gutyj Olena Izhboldina Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 9 4 2134 2134 10.31893/jabb.21034 Effects of ethanolic extract of the <em>Cleome arabica</em> plant on sexual behavior in Wistar rats <p>Traditional medicinal plants are widely used as immunomodulatory medicines that help improve health. A total of 50 plants used for the treatment of toxicity were screened for their protective effects. Traditional medicinal are globally used and have rapidly grown in economic importance. Intrinsically active compounds are well-known for their antioxidant, anti-tumor, anti-viral, and anti-inflammatory activities. The study was conducted to investigate the effects of the ethanolic extract of <em>C. arabica</em> leaves on sexual behavior in Wistar rats. <em>C. arabica</em>, a medicinal plant with a foul odor, toxic, and has hallucinogenic effects. The experimental study was carried out on white rats (male and female) of the Wistar strain from the Pasteur Institute of Algiers (Kouba, Algeria), weighing between 150 and 200g sexually naive. The animals were raised in polyethylene cages and divided into two groups (n = 10 rats/group), which received a saline solution (male and female control group), 0.20µg/ml of the ethanolic extract of C.arabica leaves for seven days orally (male and female treated group). The sexual behavior test was performed according to three types of crossing. The results of the treated groups showed a significant increase in mating frequency compared to the control group. Overall, the results showed that <em>C. arabica</em> significantly affects sexual behavior. The ethanolic extract of <em>C. arabica</em> increased sexual behavior and orientation activity performance recorded in the treated animals. Thus, this study found that <em>C. arabica</em> has a significant effect on the rats' sexual behavior.</p> Nour El Imene Boublata Sarra Habbachi Fatma Zohra Saadane Abir Bouzar Wafa Habbachi Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology 2021-07-13 2021-07-13 9 4 2135 2135 10.31893/jabb.21035 Optimization of some environmental and nutritional conditions using microtiter plate for <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em> biofilm formation <p>One of the most important virulence factors in <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em> is biofilm formation, as it works as a barrier for entering antibiotics into the bacterial cell. Different environmental and nutritional conditions were used to optimize biofilm formation using microtitre plate assay by <em>P. aeruginosa.</em> The low nutrient level of the medium represented by tryptic soy broth (TSB) was better in biofilm formation than the high nutrient level of the medium with Luria Broth (LB). The optimized condition for biofilm production at room temperature (25 °C) is better than at host temperature (37 °C). Moreover, the staining with 0.1% crystal violet and reading the biofilm with wavelength 360 are considered essential factors in increasing the productivity of biofilm formation in <em>P. aeruginosa</em>. Finally, we highly recommended using these optimized microtitre plate assays to assess biofilm formation in <em>P. aeruginosa</em>.</p> Shaymaa Fouad Rasheed Al-Khazraji Mohammad Abdul Rahmman Al-Maeni Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology 2021-07-26 2021-07-26 9 4 2136 2136 10.31893/jabb.21036