Publication Ethics

The Multidisciplinary Reviews adheres to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines. We fully adhere to its Code of Conduct and its Best Practice Guidelines.

The editors of this journal enforce a rigorous double-blind peer-review process together with strict ethical policies and standards to ensure to add high-quality scientific works to the field of scholarly publication. The editors of Multidisciplinary Reviews take such publishing ethics issues very seriously and are trained to proceed with a zero-tolerance policy in plagiarism, data falsification, image manipulation, inappropriate authorship credit, and the like, do arise.

Authors wishing to publish their papers in Multidisciplinary Reviews must abide by the following:

    • Any facts that might be perceived as a possible conflict of interest of the author(s) must be disclosed in the paper before submission.
    • Authors should accurately present their research findings and include an objective discussion of the significance of their findings.
    • Data and methods used in the research need to be presented in sufficient detail in the paper so that other researchers can replicate the work.
    • The authors should publicly deposit raw data before submission of their manuscript. Authors need to at least have the raw data readily available for presentation to the referees and the editors of the journal if requested.
    • Simultaneous submission of manuscripts to more than one journal is not tolerated.
    • Republishing content that is not novel is not tolerated (for example, an English translation of a paper published in another language will not be accepted).
    • Suppose errors and inaccuracies are found by the authors after the publication of their paper. In that case, they need to be promptly communicated to the editors of this journal to take appropriate actions. Please refer to our policy regarding the publication of publishing erratum/corrections.
    • Your manuscript should not contain any information that has already been published. Please obtain the necessary permission from the copyright e/or cite the source if you include already published figures or images.
    • Plagiarism, data fabrication and image manipulation are not tolerated. This journal uses software for plagiarism detection. Plagiarism is not acceptable in Multidisciplinary Reviews submissions. Plagiarism includes copying text, ideas, images, or data from another source, even from your publications, without giving any credit to the original source. Reuse of text copied from another source must be between quotes, and the original source must be cited. If previous works have inspired a study's design or the manuscript's structure or language, these works must be explicitly cited. If plagiarism is detected during the peer-review process, the manuscript may be rejected. If plagiarism is detected after publication, we may publish a correction or retract the paper.
    • Image files must not be manipulated or adjusted in any way that could lead to misinterpretation of the information provided by the original image. If irregular image manipulation is identified and confirmed during the peer-review process, we may reject the manuscript. If irregular image manipulation is identified and confirmed after publication, we may correct or retract the paper.

Our editors will investigate any allegations of publication misconduct and may contact the authors' institutions or funders if necessary. If evidence of misconduct is found, appropriate action will be taken to correct or retract the publication. Authors are expected to comply with the best ethical publication practices when publishing with Multidisciplinary Reviews.


Research Ethics

Ethics Statement on the Animals Used in Experiments

Articles submitted for possible publication in Multidisciplinary Reviews must respect animal welfare during research. The authors should follow international, national and/or institutional guidelines for animal care and use. A research ethics committee must approve studies at the institution. Please provide the ethics committee name and the authorization number. In the manuscript, the Material and Methods section should start with the following statement:

 "Animal care and handling procedures followed the Ethics Committee's guidelines on the Use of Animals in Experiments. (Include committee name e authorization number)."


Human subjects

If your study includes human subjects, must meet the following requirements: Obtain prior approval for human subjects research by an institutional review board (IRB) or equivalent ethics committee(s); Confirm authors' compliance with all relevant ethical regulations, and confirm that written consent has been obtained from all patients; Report details on how informed consent for the research was obtained (or explain why consent was not obtained); Submit documentation from the review board or ethics committee confirming approval of the research; For clinical trials, provide trial registration details, the study protocol, and CONSORT documentation; Confirm that an identified individual has provided written consent for the use of that information.

Informing Consent: I confirm that I have obtained all consent required by the applicable law to publish any personal details or images of patients, research subjects, or other individuals used. I have retained a written copy of all such consents, and I agree to provide Multidisciplinary Reviews with copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained if requested.

All clinical trials must be registered in one of the publicly accessible registries approved by the WHO or ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors). Authors must provide the trial registration number. All submissions describing clinical research and/or research on human subjects will be checked by journal staff to ensure that the requirements above are met. Failure to meet requirements may be grounds for rejection. If issues are discovered after publication, we may issue a correction or retraction as appropriate. We also reserve the right to contact the author’s institution.


Declaration of interest

All authors should disclose any personal and/or financial relationships with other people or organizations that may improperly influence their paper. Examples of potential competing interests include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, grants, or other funding.

A conflict of interest statement should be provided in the manuscript file immediately before the References section.

Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


Role of the funding source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the paper for publication.



Multidisciplinary Reviews follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines which state that, to qualify for authorship of a manuscript, the following criteria should be observed:

    • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work
    • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content
    • Final approval of the version to be published
    • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved

Any change to the author list should be approved by all authors, including any who have been removed from the list. The corresponding author should act as a point of contact between the editor and the other authors and keep co-authors informed and involve them in major decisions. We reserve the right to request confirmation that all authors meet the authorship conditions.

Changes to authorship

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only if approved by the journal editor.

Before the manuscript has been accepted: requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Multidisciplinary Reviews Team and Editorial Office ([email protected]) from the corresponding author and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail) signed by all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. The Journal Manager will forward requests that are not sent by the corresponding author to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) processing of the manuscript is suspended until authorship has been agreed.

After the manuscript has been accepted: only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of authors. To carry out this nates correction of the online publication, there will be a charge of USD 100.

If the manuscript has already been published online, any requests approved by the Editor will result in an Erratum, implying the payment of an Article Processing Charge (APC) (with current value) since it is a new document to be published online.


Reviewers recommendation

The authors can recommend potential reviewers. The editor will check to ensure there are no conflicts of interest before contacting those reviewers and will not consider those with competing interests. Reviewers are asked to declare any conflicts of interest. Authors can also enter the names of potential reviewers they wish to exclude from consideration in their manuscript's peer-review during the initial submission progress. The editorial team will respect these requests so long as this does not interfere with the objective and thorough assessment of the submission.



This journal operates a double-blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then sent to a minimum of 2 independent expert reviewers to assess the paper's scientific quality. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding the acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor's decision is final.


Open access

This is an open-access journal: all articles will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. The following Creative Commons user licenses define permitted third party (re)use.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)

Allows users to copy and distribute the article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at



For all articles published in Malque Publishing journals, copyright is retained by the authors. Articles are licensed under an open access Creative Commons license, meaning that anyone may download and read the paper for free. Besides, the article may be reused and quoted provided that the original published version is cited. These conditions allow for maximum use and exposure of the work while ensuring that the authors receive proper credit.

In exceptional circumstances, articles may be licensed differently. If you have a specific condition (such as one linked to funding) that does not allow this license, please mention this to the journal's editorial office at submission. Exceptions will be granted at the discretion of the publisher.


Editorial policies

This journal uses software for plagiarism detection. We do not tolerate manuscripts that jeopardize ethics in publishing.

The authors are required to comply with the guidelines presented here. The Editorial Board may return the manuscripts that are inconsistent with the guidelines. The authors are also required to present the material in English clear and concise. Although the editorial board and reviewers can give suggestions to improve the clarity of language, this is not its role. Thus, the authors who wish to publish your English articles must submit them for translation by a qualified person and present us with a certificate. The Editorial Board reserves the right to completely reject manuscripts whose interpretation is significantly hampered by language interests of clarity.


Articles published in Multidisciplinary Reviews are in English only. All manuscripts must be written in the clear and grammatically correct form of the chosen language. American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these.


Review of manuscripts: Upon submission, the editor-in-chief enlists reviewers to assist in the evaluation of the manuscript. The review process is confidential, which infers a bond of trust among the authors, editor, and reviewers. The editor is trustee of the manuscript until the review process is completed and ensures that the review process is fair, thorough, and confidential. Reviewers are asked not to share the contents of the manuscript with anyone. Communication with authors should only be through the editor. Reviewers should notify the editor of conflicts of interest that may compromise their ability to provide a fair and unbiased review. Moreover, they must recognize their responsibility in maintaining the confidential nature of the review.


Acceptance: The paper's acceptance implies that it has been reviewed and recommended by at least 2 peer reviewers. Editor-in-Chief's decision is final.

Rejected manuscripts: If a manuscript is rejected, the corresponding author may discuss the matter with the editor to the manuscript. If the author believes a rejection decision was erroneous or biased, he/she may appeal the decision directly, in writing, to the editor-in-chief. The editor-in-chief will review the author's reasons and all materials related to the manuscript and accept or deny the appeal. A rejected manuscript may be resubmitted for publication only if the Editor-in-Chief has specifically recommended this course of action.


The time limit of manuscript revision: A reviewed paper returned to authors for revision must be returned to the editor within one week. If not, the paper may be treated as a new submission. Under unusual circumstances, editors may extend the revision deadline beyond one week.


Withdrawal Policy

At Multidisciplinary Reviews, we are committed to maintaining the integrity of the publication process. We understand that authors may occasionally need to withdraw their manuscripts for various reasons. Below is our policy regarding the withdrawal of submitted manuscripts.

1. Withdrawal Requests Before Peer Review:

Authors may request to withdraw their manuscript before it has been sent for peer review. To do so, the corresponding author must send a formal request via email to the editorial office at [email protected]. The email should include the manuscript title, submission ID, and the reason for the withdrawal request. There will be no penalty for withdrawal at this stage.

2. Withdrawal Requests During or After Peer Review:

If a withdrawal request is made after the manuscript has been sent for peer review, the authors must provide a valid reason for the withdrawal. The corresponding author must send a formal request via email to the editorial office at [email protected], including the manuscript title, submission ID, and detailed reasons for the withdrawal. Furthermore, payment of 20% of the Article Processing Charges (APC) will be charged to cover part of the editorial costs we incurred during the review process.

3. Withdrawal of Accepted Manuscripts:

Once a manuscript has been accepted for publication, withdrawal requests will only be considered under exceptional circumstances. Authors must provide a compelling reason for the withdrawal, and the editorial board will review the request. If the withdrawal is approved, any Article Processing Charges (APC) paid will not be refunded.
If authors have not yet paid the APC, payment of 50% of the Article Processing Charges (APC) will be charged to cover part of the editorial costs we incurred during the review process.

4. Penalties for Unethical Withdrawal:

Unethical withdrawal of manuscripts (e.g., withdrawing to submit to another journal after acceptance) is strongly discouraged.

> For authors whose articles have been accepted and, after receiving an editorial decision of acceptance, request withdrawal because their article has been accepted or published in another journal (which is considered unethical conduct), a payment of 50% of the APC will be required.

If the authors refuse to make this payment, we will report the issue to the other journal involved. We are committed to ensuring ethical standards and covering the editorial costs incurred throughout the publication process.

> Authors who withdraw a manuscript unethically may face penalties, including a ban on future submissions to Multidisciplinary Reviews.

Note: It is important for authors to carefully consider their decision to withdraw a manuscript, as the editorial and peer review process involves significant time and resources.

We appreciate your understanding and cooperation in maintaining the integrity of the publication process.


CrossMark policies

Applying the CrossMark icon is a commitment by Malque Publishing to maintain the content published and alert readers to changes if and when they occur.

CrossMark will be applied to all Malque Publishing journals. Read the CrossMark policies by clicking here.